Note: Composition classrooms in the United States are more diverse now than perhaps they have ever been. International and multilingual students make up large percentages of student populations. It is incumbent on composition instructors and specialists to inform themselves about the issues English learners face to more effectively scaffold their efforts in the classroom. 

Atkinson, Dwight et al. “Clarifying the Relationship Between L2 Writing and Translingual Writing: An Open Letter to Writing Studies Editors and Organization Leaders”. College English 77.4 (2015): 383-386.

“CCCC Statement on Second-Language Writing and Writers.” College Composition and Communication, vol. 52, no. 4, 2001, pp. 669-74.

DelliCarpini, Margo, and Susan R. Adams. “Writing in the ESL Classroom: Confessions of Guilty Teacher.” The English Journal, vol. 98, no. 3, 2009, pp. 117-20.

Gaskins, Jake. “The Literary Essay and the ESL Student: A Case Study.” The Journal of Aesthetic Education, vol. 49, no. 2, 2015, pp. 99-106.

Kim, Soo Hyon. “Preparing English Learners for Effective Peer Review in the Writers’ Workshop.” The Reading Teacher, vol. 68, no. 8, 2015, pp. 599-603.

Lee, Siok H., and James Muncie. “From Receptive to Productive: Improving ESL Learners’ Use of Vocabulary in a Postreading Composition Task.” TESOL Quarterly, vol. 40, no. 2, 2006, pp. 295-320.

Matsuda, Paul K. “Composition Studies and ESL Writing: A Disciplinary Division of Labor.” CCC, vol. 50, no. 4, 1999, pp. 699-721.

McCarthey, Sarah J., et al. “Understanding Writing Contexts for English Language Learners.” Research in the Teaching of English, vol. 38, no. 4, 2004, pp. 351-94.

Mendonça, Cássia O., and Karen E. Johnson. “Peer Review Negotiations: Peer Review Activities in ESL Writing Instruction.” TESOL Quarterly, vol. 28, no. 4, 1994, pp. 745-69.

Shih, May. “Content-Based Approaches to Teaching Academic Writing.” TESOL Quarterly, vol. 20, no. 4, 1986, pp. 617-48.

Sjolie, Dennis. “Phrase and Clause Grammar Tactics for the ESL/ELL Writing Classroom.” The English Journal, vol. 95, no. 5, 2006, 35-40.

Spack, Ruth. “Invention Strategies and the ESL College Composition Student.” TESOL Quarterly, vol. 18, no. 4, 1984, pp. 649-70.

Xiaoquiong, Betsy Hu and Jiang Xianxing. “Kachru’s Three Concentric Circles and English Teaching Fallacies in EFL and ESL Contexts.” Changing English 18.2(2011): 219-228.

Zawacki, Terry Meyers and Anna Sophia Habib. “Internationalization, English L2 Writers, and the Writing Classroom: Implications for Teaching and Learning.” CCC 65.4(2014): 650-658.